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GARABAGH | Views: 432 | Added by: shamsi_84 | Date: 07.05.2011



"The word "Karabakh" itself, which is translated from Azerbaijani as the "Black Garden", proves that this land belongs to Azerbaijan historically. Karabakh has specific place and role in the history of Azerbaijan. The region of our country is one of the most ancient habitations in the world"...

Mehriban Aliyeva,
President of Heydar Aliyev Foundation,
Goodwill Ambassador of UNESCO


Karabakh is one of the ancient lands, not only in Azerbaijan's history, but also in the history of the world. Sites of the most ancient times have been found within its territory. In 1968 the jaw-bone of a primitive man of Azykh named azikhanthropus was found in the Azykh Cave. Presumably, Azykh men lived in the region 250-300 thousand years ago. Throughout the history Karabakh was an inseparable part of Azerbaijan. Significant changes in Karabakh history took place in the 7th-9th centuries, with the Arav Caliphate occupation and disappearance of the Albanian state from the scene.

As a result of the Arab conquest, the majority of the Albanian Christian population adopted Islam, but the rest, especially the population of the Albanian highlands in Karabakh, adhered to the Christianity which had been declared as a state religion of Albania in the 4th century. After the occupation of the Northen Azerbaijani territories by Russia in the early 19th century, the process of Gregorianization and Armenianization of the Christian population of Karabakh highlands started with the liquidation of the Albanian Catholicosate by order of the Russian tsar through the pressure and repeated appeals of Echmiadzin.

        
GARABAGH | Views: 642 | Added by: shamsi_84 | Date: 07.05.2011


Heartbeat of Karabakh

 Of all the tourists spots introduced in this issue, Shusha, located in the western part of Azerbaijan, is the city most directly affected by the Karabakh conflict. In the spring of 1992, the entire population, numbering tens of thousands, fled for their lives when Armenian troops advanced on the city.


One of Shusha's previous landmarks.

The townspeople had always imagined their town to be invincible. They were stunned to realize that it just wasn't so. To this day, Shusha is still occupied by Armenian military forces. No Azerbaijanis live there. Nor can you tour the city from the Azerbaijan side though some journalists and tourists have seen it from Armenia.

For Azerbaijanis, Shusha was considered the "heart of Karabakh." They were especially proud of its cultural legacy-beautiful carpets, brilliant musicians, eloquent poets. The fact that they cannot live there today is felt as a deep psychological wound and insult. They still consider the city to be rightfully theirs.

 

Much, but not all, of the material presented here describes what you might have seen had you visited Shusha 10 years ago, prior to the beginning of the Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict which began in 1988.







GARABAGH | Views: 1428 | Added by: shamsi_84 | Date: 06.05.2011