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The numerous ornaments and objects of precious metals dating from the 11th century B.C. to the 12th century A.D. testify to the high level of Azerbaijani material culture. The analysis of the discovered items shows the mastership of the ancient jewellers and the successive character of this art: many of these ornaments "survived" till our time, having preserved their form fully or in different elements which had partially lost their initial significance In present-day Azerbaijan there are still quite popular hollow gold beads, round ("pill") and oval ("arpa" barley seed).
Filigree items are extremely diverse in form, boasting a multitude of details and a complex composition. Details were added in the form of medallions, multipetaled flowers (solar symbol), fishes, stars, leaves and crescents, "buta", cone shaped protrusions "gubbe".
The items were also ornamented with gems and semi-precious stones set in a raised cast - "juva". The most popular gems were the ruby, emerald and turquoise, although coloured minerals were also used. 19th century jewellery was made of gold and silver. Silver jewellery is identical to that of gold in terms of form and technique. The silver items, depending on their purpose, were gilded or engraved and covered with niello.
In the millennia of its existence the art of Azerbaijanian jewellry - making
traversed a long road from the simplest techniques to the most sophisticated
methods of workmanship. The numerous ornaments and objects of precious metals
dating from the 11th century B.C. to the 12th century A.D. testify to the high
level of Azerbaijanian material culture.