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Shirvanshakh's Palace


The Shirvanshahs’ Palace ensemble is the biggest monument of the Shirvan-Apsheron branch of the Azerbaijani architecture. In the XV century following the rise of economic and political importance of Baku, which was one of the strongly fortified fortresses and the main port in the Caspian, Khalulullah, the Shah of Shirvan, transferred the Shirvanshahs’ residence from Shamakhy to Baku.


CAPITAL | Views: 683 | Added by: shamsi_84 | Date: 07.05.2011


Maiden Tower


The most majestic and mysterious monument of Baku is Gyz Galasy - the Maiden Tower rising in the south-eastern part of the fortress of Ichari Shahar. This unique building of the Azerbaijani architecture does not have any analogues in the East. There are numerous debates on the date of construction and purpose of this monument, at present it attracts the attention, most of all for its unparalleled form.


CAPITAL | Views: 640 | Added by: shamsi_84 | Date: 07.05.2011

Baku

Maiden Tower
Shirvanshakhs Palace
Sabael Castle
Tower of Absheron
Fire Temple-Ateshgah
The Old City

Baku is the capital and the largest city of Republic of Azerbaijan. The city is situated on the Western Coast of the Caspian Sea in the southern part of the Apsheron Peninsula in the latitude of 40º23' and in the longitude of 49º51'. The city boundaries of Baku include a vast territory with an area of nearly 2.2 thousand sq.km.



The central part of the city is situated in the amphitheatre with descending terraces towards the Baku Bay. The layout of Baku is rectangular, only in the oldest part of the city within the fortress walls the streets are crooked and narrow. In the centre and along the highways the construction is dense and it is free in the outskirts. The suburbs of Baku are the centres of oil extraction where the enterprises of railway transportation, of machine-building and construction materials (quarries of stone blocks, cement and lime production) are located and where one can see mineral sources.

The boundaries of the city include a health resort area of the Apsheron Peninsula with coastal beaches. The coastal area of Baku is 28 m below the world ocean level.



CAPITAL | Views: 513 | Added by: shamsi_84 | Date: 07.05.2011


Heartbeat of Karabakh

 Of all the tourists spots introduced in this issue, Shusha, located in the western part of Azerbaijan, is the city most directly affected by the Karabakh conflict. In the spring of 1992, the entire population, numbering tens of thousands, fled for their lives when Armenian troops advanced on the city.


One of Shusha's previous landmarks.

The townspeople had always imagined their town to be invincible. They were stunned to realize that it just wasn't so. To this day, Shusha is still occupied by Armenian military forces. No Azerbaijanis live there. Nor can you tour the city from the Azerbaijan side though some journalists and tourists have seen it from Armenia.

For Azerbaijanis, Shusha was considered the "heart of Karabakh." They were especially proud of its cultural legacy-beautiful carpets, brilliant musicians, eloquent poets. The fact that they cannot live there today is felt as a deep psychological wound and insult. They still consider the city to be rightfully theirs.

 

Much, but not all, of the material presented here describes what you might have seen had you visited Shusha 10 years ago, prior to the beginning of the Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict which began in 1988.







GARABAGH | Views: 1641 | Added by: shamsi_84 | Date: 06.05.2011


Published by Nick Nwolisa on 09 Jul 2008 at en.iepf-ngo.org. In order to see pictures just visit the web site.

I have not lived all my life in Azerbaijan, but I have lived long enough to be a witness of the Azerbaijan hospitality. One thing the Azerbaijanis are very sure of is that they are one of the most hospitable people in the world. Although this has remained their own judgment of themselves, I will not fail to say how correct they have been to adjudge themselves so.

Azerbaijan is very strategic in its location in that it is bridge between Asia and Europe. Azerbaijan is surrounded by so much Orientals like the Persians, the Turks and the influence of Arabs due to its religion of Islam. The nation Azerbaijan has been able to blend all these Orients from its neighbors to create its own identity. No wonder Azerbaijan offers its own blend of unique cuisines, arts and culture, etc.

Coming into Azerbaijan, with a very minute pre-knowledge of what the society will be like, I had held my own little fears. Fears of what the world has actually installed into all individuals due to divides brought about by religion stereotypes. As a fact, there is always a skepticism that exists in minds of any travelers where his religion is in minority. This is also a true case of a country like Nigeria where religion has unconsciously divided its boundary with Muslims in the North and Christians in the South; even traveling across Nigeria is not always an easy adventure for Nigerians. Therefore I can be very justified to say I had my own little doubts coming into Azerbaijan.


TRADITION | Views: 885 | Added by: shamsi_84 | Date: 04.05.2011



Azerbaijan Traditions of Hospitality

Along with other customs each nation had its peculiar ceremonies of hospitality, the rules of having guests and visiting friends. Azerbaijanis since ancient times have had very interesting and instructive customs of hospitality which also fit contemporary life as well.

Classic Azerbaijani literature piece "dastan" titled "Dede-Korkud" said that "let the houses which do not welcome guests collapse".


TRADITION | Views: 707 | Added by: shamsi_84 | Date: 04.05.2011



In the millennia of its existence the art of Azerbaijanian jewellry - making traversed a long road from the simplest techniques to the most sophisticated methods of workmanship. The numerous ornaments and objects of precious metals dating from the 11th century B.C. to the 12th century A.D. testify to the high level of Azerbaijanian material culture.














JEWELLERY | Views: 1257 | Added by: shamsi_84 | Date: 04.05.2011

This Azerbaijani tradition is one of the most interesting. Novruz is a feast of spring, coming of New Year. Before Novruz Azerbaijanis celebrate a number of previous days saying good bye to the Old year and welcoming the New year. These days are the four pre-holiday Wednesdays: Su Chershenbe (Water Wednesday),Odlu Chershenbe (Fire Wednesday), Torpag Chershenbe (Earth Wednesday) and Akhyr Chershenbe (Last Wednesday). According to the traditional beliefs the water is reborn on the first Wednesday: still waters come to motion; The fire does on the second one, the earth - on the third. On the fourth Wednesday the wind opens tree buds and spring begins.

Many ceremonies and devotions are dedicated to this day. For example in the evening each family should light the number of torches on their house's roof corresponding to the number of the family members. Everyone should jump over the burning fire saying a kind of a spell. After the fire dies out girls and young men collect the remaining ash and pour it somewhere in the outskirts of the village or a road.

It means that the hardships of those who have jumped over the fire are destroyed and thrown out far beyond their homes.

In order to find the happy match unmarried girls throw black coins, a sign of bad luck, to a water-filled jug during the daytime and in the evening before sunset they pour this water out together with the coins outside.

TRADITION | Views: 959 | Added by: shamsi_84 | Date: 04.05.2011

Today, we would like to talk about a miraculous country of Azerbaijan with its unlimited natural resources, centuries-old culture, history and ancient people, whose lifestyle presents a unique and harmonious combination of the traditions and ceremonies of different cultures and civilizations.

Azerbaijan is a geographical name. On the one hand this name is linked with the population, which lived in this region for thousand of years before our era, and who were mostly fire-worshippers. Local population considered that fire was their God and so they worshipped the fire. "Azer" means fire. The Turkic name "Azer" was used for this territory for a long time. The word "Azer" consists of two parts - "az" and "er". In Turkic languages, "az" means a good intention and a fate of success. Thus, the word "Azer" means "a brave man", "a brave boy", "the fire keeper". The word "Azerbaijan" originates from the name of an ancient Turkish tribe, who resided in those territories.

Azerbaijan is one of the most ancient sites of humankind. The humankind was present here at every stage of their historical development. There were living settlements in Azerbaijan even at the earliest stages of humankind. Azerbaijan made its own contribution into the establishment of the current culture and civilization, progress and dialectics.

AZERBAIJAN | Views: 703 | Added by: shamsi_84 | Date: 04.05.2011

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