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Forests
By decree of the National leader of the Azerbaijan Republic of December 26, 2001, The Ministry of Ecology and Natural Reserves was instructed to develop and submit for consideration of the Cabinet of Ministers of Azerbaijan, the National program for the restoration of fields and expansion of their area though attracting state and regional administrative bodies and scientific societies.

 The decree also stipulates for the Ministry to develop a National program for rational use of all the year round pasture and hayfields, prevention of soil erosion on mountain hills, valleys and ravines and the salinization of lands in foothill and plain regions for the stable ecological, socio-economic development and the development of cattle-breeding and farming and to introduce is to the authorized body.

The draft program "On forest restoration and expansion", developed by the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources for the implementation of the Presidential Decree with certain alterations and additions was approved by the Presidential Decree No 1152 of February 18, 2003.

The program stipulates for restoration of forests and forestation in all regions on the area of 69700 hectares in 2003-2008.

Since the establishment, the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Reserves has initiated large scale projects in the formation of forest preserves in arid areas, tree planting in the outskirts of cities, by the sides of roads and highways, the establishment of new tracks of forests and restoration of forests by conducting consequent and proper ecological policy beginning from May 2001.

Newly established enterprises for forestation and Enterprises for Forest Protection and Restoration, operating in various regions of the country, conducted activity on forest restoration and planted new forests on the area of 7753 hectares in 2002 and the territory of 8721 hectares in 2003 in frames of the National Program. These indicators are by 1.6-1.9 higher than the volume of work, carried out in 2000-2001 accordingly.

The purposeful actions in the sphere of planting materials creation have been undertaken as well.

Thus, 12 million of planting materials and 32 million of planting materials were grown in 2002 and 2003 accordingly. The indicator is by 2-5 higher from that of 2000-2001 accordingly.

The forest restoration and forestation area was forecasted to reach 9000 hectares while the amount of planting materials-35 million in 2004. As a result of organizing measures, 40 million planting materials have been created, new forests been planted on the area of 3700 hectares while measures, aiming to assist to restoration of natural resources have been conducted on the area of 5403.

At the same time, a number of problems of forestry are still in need for soonest resolution.

Thus, insufficient volume of alternate fuel types, illegal cattle pasturing spoil the process of natural reserves restoration. Such forestry measures are negatively influenced by lack of financial aide and funds as well as low wages.




Source: http://azerbaijan.tourism.az
Category: NATURE | Added by: shamsi_84 (10.05.2011)
Views: 481